Journalism is defined as discipline of collecting, writing and reporting news, it includes the process of editing and presenting the news articles. Journalism relates to different media including newspapers, magazines, radio, and television. Youths are jumping towards career in mass communication in Pakistan as there create tremendous jobs opportunities in said field. Universities are offering courses mass communication and in journalism. Career in journalism can be started by getting admission in diploma in journalism or master in journalism programs.
Journalists are people who always in search of who, what, when, where, why and how. Journalists state the significance and effects of events or trends. A Journalist is to work in the field of newspapers, television, radio, magazines and the World Wide Web through the Internet (online journals).
Journalists not only work in the office but in the field. Those journalists, who work in the offices, are responsible for collecting news, articles, events, messages, announcements and other substances received through different sources. They make the material publishable by composing and computerizing and then arrange them in the shape of newspaper. Journalists who like field journalism have to cover events in the field. They have to work in an environment where there is no time schedule and have to response to the events as quickly as possible to cover it in a way exceptional from other.
Those who want to choose mass communication as career must follow some guidelines includes:
- The first obligation of a journalist is stick to “the truth”.
- They must remain independent about what they cover.
- They should exercise their personal conscience.
- They should be independent monitor of power.
- First loyalty is to the citizens.
- Strive to make the significant interesting and relevant.
- Must know the importance of Verification of events.
- Keeping the news comprehensive and proportional is a key responsibility.
Journalists have enjoyed some privileges not enjoyed by members of the general public, including better access to public events, crime scenes and press conferences, and to extended interviews with public officials, celebrities and others in the public eye. These privileges are available because of the perceived power of the press to turn public opinion for or against governments, their officials and policies, as well as the perception that the press often represents their consumers. These privileges extend from the legal rights of journalists but are not guaranteed by those rights. Sometimes government officials may attempt to punish individual journalists who irk them by denying them some of these privileges extended to other journalists.
Journalists who cover conflicts, whether wars between nations or insurgencies within nations, often give up any expectation of protection by government, if not giving up their rights to protection by government. Journalists who are captured or detained during a conflict are expected to be treated as civilians and to be released to their national government.
New comers initially are associated with a senior journalist where he gets training and learn skills. Despite that, one should have the following qualities before choosing journalism as career:
- Truthfulness and Strong character
- Impartiality and unbiased
- Well mannered and truthfulness
- Alert and intelligent
- Enthusiastic and fever
- Confident and Responsible
- Honest and sincere
- Diligent and Courageous
Mass communication is getting popularity day by day. The way events are emerging round the world today, opportunities are increasing in this field. Print and electronic media offers tremendous career options in mass communication. The situation of has totally changed now. Increase in literacy rate, industrial development and advancement in technology have pleasantly affected the print and electronic media in Pakistan. More than sixty (approx.) news and entertainment television channels are broadcasting their Programmes today. The traditional miserable situations of news papers are totally changed. Remunerations of the working have increased approximately twenty times that of the pre partition time.
More than 300 (approx.) newspapers have been given declaration. Those who have proper qualification i.e. master degree in journalism or mass communication from a recognized university prove more successful. On the job training further open window of opportunities. It is therefore a very attractive career choice for the youth. Hardworking and aspiration to get perfection in this field result a very successful career.
Universities offering programs in Journalism and Mass Communication
- University of Karachi, Karachi
- Iqra University, Karachi
- Jinnah University, Karachi
- Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Karachi
- Nazeer Hussain University, Karachi
- University of Sindh, Jamshoro
- Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad
- Bahria University, Islamabad
- Federal Urdu University of Arts, Sciences and Technology, Islamabad
- Foundation University, Rawalpindi
- International Islamic University, Islamabad
- Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad
- Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan
- Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi
- Government College University Faisalabad, Faisalabad
- Islamia University, Bahawalpur
- Minhaj University, Lahore
- University of Central Punjab, Lahore
- University of Education, Lahore
- University of Faisalabad, Faisalabad
- University of Gujrat, Gujrat
- University of Lahore, Lahore
- University of the Punjab, Lahore
- University of Sargodha, Sargodha
- University of South Asia, Lahore
- University of Peshawar, Peshawar
- Sardar Bahadur Khan Women University, Quetta
- University of Balochistan, Quetta
- Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur
- Al-Khair University, AJK
- Mohi-ud-Din Islamic University, AJK
- University of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Muzaffarabad, AJK