Month: January 2013
Gilgit (D.Times):The judicial Hullabaloo continues in Gilgit-Baltistan as the recent appointment of the Chief Judge of GB apex court has been challenged in the Supreme Court of Pakistan.
Ghulam Abbas, chairman Gilgit-Baltistan National Moment (GBNM) has filed a petition in the supreme court of Pakistan seeking an injunction against the appointment and a stay order on the oath taking ceremony of the new judge.
The petitioner has contended that the appointment of the retired judge in the court of last resort is illegal and against the basic human rights of the people of Gilgit as per the Gilgit-Baltistan (Empowerment and Self-Governance) Order, 2009.
The writ petition filed through Advocate Ikram Chaudhry has contended that the appointment of Chief Judge is against the Gilgit-Baltistan Order which constitutes:
“At any time when the office of Chief Judge of Gilgit-Baltistan is vacant, or the Chief Judge, is absent or unable to perform the functions of his office due to any other cause, the next senior Judge of the Supreme Appellate Court to act as Chief Judge of Gilgit-Baltistan.”
The petitioner has pleaded the highest court of Pakistan to declare the appointment null and void and issue a stay-order against the oath-taking ceremony of the judge which is likely to proceed on 8th of this month.
Social and political circles in Gilgit-Baltistan disapprove re-employment of retired judges – for fear of politically motivated selective justice— in Gilgit-Baltistan by federal government without any respect to the Self Rule Ordinance.
It is to be mentioned here that the Chief Justice of Pakistan earlier has disapproved the re-employment of senior judges expecting them to retire gracefully and regard the independence of judiciary.
GILGIT (Dawn): Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf has asked the federal finance ministry to form a new body on the pattern of National Finance Commission for Gilgit-Baltistan to resolve the region’s financial issues with the centre.
The federal and Gilgit-Baltistan governments are likely to sign an agreement in this respect soon.
This was disclosed by a Gilgit-Baltistan Council member during a meeting.
The member said the agreement in question would strengthen the financial position of the Gilgit-Baltistan government as all taxes paid indirectly by locals would return to the region and thus, ushering in a new era of development.
He said Gilgit-Baltistan didn’t fall in the NFC ambit and that funds required by the region were released by the centre as assistance.
The Gilgit-Baltistan Council member said the prime minister had also issued directions for speedy legislation on mining, border trade, forest tourism, and potential sectors in the region for better foreign and local investment.
By Vasiq Iqbal
“Wake up, dude! It’s afternoon, you’re dreaming with your eyes open,” “You’ve never been beyond Murree and now you want to go to K-2? What are you smoking?” and “That’s lovely. Could you please pass the salt?”
These are some of the more printable replies I got when I declared, with much fanfare, that I was about to embark on an expedition to K-2. Of course, not all the replies were as demotivating as these, but even the somewhat supportive ones were laced with caution, sheer terror (for my expected fate) and had the ring of a final goodbye.
Going to K-2 had always been a dream of mine. Of course, it was a dream that I had seen while sitting in the comfort of my cozy drawing room, without really thinking it would happen — and that too so soon. So when the day finally arrived I blithely opted to fly to Skardu, treating myself to in-flight meals and a beautiful bird’s-eye view of the Karakorum. Little did I know that this would earn me the undying hatred of the expedition manager Fareed Gujjar. As it turned out, I was the only one lucky enough to bag a seat, while the others had to suffer through a 36-hour drive through the twists and turns of the Karakorum Highway (KKH). My attempts to pin this on the vagaries of the national carrier were to no avail, and for the rest of the trip, Mr Gujjar’s taunts were no less biting than the cold itself. Before I go on about the expedition itself, I have to send a shout-out to Zahid Ali Khan aka ZAK, a humble and brilliant photographer who captured the stunning vistas you’re looking at here. Despite being 50 years old, overweight and diabetic, and having no mountaineering experience whatsoever, he took on the Karakorum where a lot of younger and healthier men faltered.
The first day started with a jeep ride from Skardu to Askoli Valley, our first camping site and the last human settlement in that area. The six-hour long, and very bumpy, ride was really tiring but I thought better of opening my mouth to complain when I saw that Gujjar’s anger over my plane ride had not yet subsided.
When we reached Askoli however, all the exhaustion was forgotten. A dazzling and awe inspiring valley, Askoli is a kaleidoscope of colours. Mountains of blinding white tower over fields of lush green grass; yellow sunflowers huddle around huge black rocks. From there we hopped from one camp to another, until the vast and terrifying wilderness of the Baltoro glacier stretched out before us. It’s long and dotted with ridges, crests and troughs, which made us rename it from bal-toro to haddi-toro (bonebreaker). The Karakorum range, also called the third pole, is one of the most heavily glaciated regions in the world and its 135 glaciers are a crucial water source for the arid low-lying areas.
After crossing Baltoro with our bones mostly intact, it was off to Concordia. On the way — through a cleavage between two smaller peaks — I caught a glimpse of Chogori, as K-2 is locally called. The first sight of my dream destination left me spellbound, but then a cloud descended, as if a veil had been lowered over the face of a blushing bride, and the moment passed. Not a veil, I thought again, but perhaps a crown for the King of the Karakorum.
And why not? K-2 — apart from being the world’s second highest peak — is also one of the three Pakistani ‘eight-thousanders’ (peaks over 8,000 metres in height) that remain unclimbed in winter. Gasherbrum II and I were recently climbed in the winters of 2011 and 2012, respectively, leaving only K-2, Broad Peak and Nanga Parbat in this exclusive club. None have successfully scaled their heights in winter, and these three remain an irresistible challenge to mountaineers everywhere.
And then there is Concordia. It got its name from European explorers, thanks to its similarity to another glacial confluence, know to the Swiss as Konkordiaplatz.
To me it was like a beautiful castle, the cornerstones of which are the Godwin-Austen and Baltoro glaciers where four towering eight-thousanders stand as if to defend it. The flanks of this natural fortification are secured by the Marbel and Mitre peaks.
Concordia is that bastion of mighty mountains which lures climbers from all over the world. Galen Avery Rowell, a noted wilderness photographer and climber termed Concordia “The Throne Room of The Mountain Gods”. A fitting title indeed.
But the Government of Pakistan has neglected these lonely gods for too long. To understand the level of this neglect, one must compare our eight-thousanders with those of other countries. There are only 14 eight-thousander peaks in the world, all of them located in South Asia.
India’s only eight-thousander, Kangchanjunga is shared with Nepal. In the same way, the four on the Nepal-China border — Mount Everest, Lhotse, Makalu and Cho Oyu are also shared.
Dhaulagiri, Manaslu and Annapurna 1 (8,091m) are entirely in Nepal, whereas Shishapangma the shortest of eight-thousanders, is wholly in the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China.
In a nutshell, six are divided between four countries, one is entirely in China, and Nepal has three. So with four of these giants (Gasherbrum I & II, Broad Peak and Nanga Parbat), Pakistan is in the lead. Even K-2, which borders China, is best accessed from Pakistan and is considered a more challenging climb than even Everest. Pakistan is a mountaineer’s paradise but no effort has been made to exploit this bounty of nature.
In fact, even the simple task of installing toilets here fell to an Italian NGO. When we arrived at Concordia, we found that they had installed eight eco-friendly toilets and had even devised a mecanism to dispose of human waste. They transport the excrement in drums via porters down to an earth incinerator, a process that takes three days. While the Pakistan government does lend its support, it was the Italians that took the initiative. They also carried out a K-2 cleanup operation, collecting 802 kg of disposed climbing gear.
When night falls in Concordia, the light from infinite stars travels down from the heavens to illuminate the ice under your feet. In the day, the practically unfiltered UV rays scorch your exposed skin and by night, the bitter cold makes you shiver.
From there we went off to try and get to the Gilkey memorial in the foothills of K-2. This is a cenotaph cairn erected and named after Art Gilkey, an American mountaineer who died at K-2 in 1953. The place is a memorial of those who have died while struggling with this savage mountain.
By this time, the whole group was so exhausted that only six out of the total 18 dared to go further. And out of those six, four decided to stay at K-2 base camp. Now it was just me and an ardent trekker named Dr Shahid, whose nightly snoring I felt sure would bring the mountains down upon our heads.
Creeping, crawling and sometimes crying with fear and exhaustion, we kept our spirits up by singing “ ” and somehow managed to cover a distance of four days in just 15 hours. After crossing a couple of hanging and hair-thin ice bridges with only the light of our headlamps to guide us, we made it back to Concordia with a light drizzle falling on us.
The trek to the memorial was terrifying and tiring but the view of all Concordia, the K-2 base camp, Angel Peak and a nearby lake was worth sacrificing our only Rest Day.
Of course, nature then gave us not one but four rest days by stranding us at Ali camp, thanks to sudden snowstorms. Then came the zenith of our expedition: Gondogoro La, the world’s highest crossable (but very avalanche prone) mountain pass. It’s not just the height of it, a sickness-inflicting 5,940 meters that’s the problem, but the 50 degree slopes you have to ascend and descend as well.
Worse yet, an avalanche the night before had buried the defined path and it was nothing less than a miracle that we, who were mostly photographers and not professional climbers, made it through without injury.
Finally, there came our reward: the sight of all the 8,000m peaks of the Karakorum illuminated by the rosy-fingered dawn. No words can describe it. No picture can define it. And somehow, Pakistan cannot take advantage of the bounties nature and geography have bestowed on us.
What could we gain were we to fully tap into the mountaineering market? Let’s take the example of Switzerland — famous for its alpine sports and treks — where in 2011 tourism accounted for an estimated 2.9% of Switzerland’s gross domestic product. Tourism accounts for around 150,000 full time jobs in the country, the highest peak of which is barely 5,000 metres!
But perhaps Switzerland is too distant and developed to serve as a good comparison, so let’s look at India. Our neighbour-cum-foe has made tourism its largest service industry, and it now accounts for 6.23% of its GDP and 8.78% of its total employment.
In Nepal, Pakistan’s strongest competitor in terms of eight-thousanders, tourism is the largest industry, so big that it’s divided into three sections: culture, adventure and ecotourism. Nepal considers the tourist industry key to alleviating poverty and to achieve greater social equity.
Another contender in the race of eight-thousanders, China — possessor of half of K-2 and half of Mount Everest — is the third most visited country in the world, despite the language barrier. China’s tourism revenue reached $185 billion in 2009.
Then there’s Pakistan. Last year, 18 climbing and mountaineering expeditions — a total of 120 climbers — were likely to visit Pakistan. According to an unofficial account, just 30 climbers summited the K-2 this year. In an interview one of them said “Karakoram puts the rest of the world’s mountain ranges to shame.” We are sitting on a gold mine of mountains but getting only 120 explorers a year. Now that’s a real shame. 9/11, Talibanisation and terror brought Pakistan’s tourism industry to its knees, but the recent crises and sectarian massacres have truly put it on the mat. After the 2005 earthquake, Lonely Planet called Pakistani tourism ‘The next big thing’. The Guardian even released a list of “Top Five Tourist Sites in Pakistan”, but none of this promotion was effectively used by the government. By 2008, the World Economic Forum’s Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report (TTCR) ranked Pakistan at a dismal 103 out of 124 countries to visit. Now, the number of tourists falls every year due to a lack of security and infrastructure. Even the step of waiving royalty charges for peaks up to 6,500m, and giving large discounts for other peaks had little effect. In my opinion, it’s not the discount that’s the problem but the utter lack of security that keeps foreign climbers away. Adventure tourists, trekkers and climbers are a hardy lot who can do without spas and hotels. But they can’t do without security.
Last August, a bus full of passengers was massacred at the Babusar pass, compelling security forces to close down the KKH, the only ground link of Gilgit-Baltistan (G-B) with the rest of the country. More than 120 stranded foreigners were then airlifted from G-B to Islamabad. Assuming that those 120 foreigners will only sing praises of G-B’s landscape (if they were lucky enough to have had a glimpse before the tragedy), would be a cardinal mistake. It is after all a marketing maxim that a happy customer tells three people while an unhappy customer tells 300!!
Porterage is the life blood of the people of the mountainous regions. That is how local breadwinners manage to feed their families. A porter in the Northern areas of Pakistan earns less than $5 a day for carrying heavy loads 25kg across treacherous terrain and deadly paths, wearing only one layer of clothing and plastic chappals. If the number of tourists declines further, these people will be pushed to the brink. And desperate people are dangerous people.
Writer Harvey Voge once said that “The mountains will always be there, the trick is to make sure that you are too”. Yes, the mountains will always be there, but that doesn’t mean we can wait around forever before taking the needed steps to make sure that others can get there too!
GILGIT (ET): An artificial lake formed accidentally in Shigar valley of Gilgit-Baltistan (G-B), this week, is draining gradually after officials and local volunteers dug a spillway through the debris on Saturday.
The lake came into existence on Wednesday near a village known as Hotoh in Shigar valley after boulders, rocks and mud fell in the river, blocking the flow of water.
The incident refreshed harsh memories of Attabad Lake that was formed in a similar fashion in Hunza valley three years back. Contrary to the 19 deaths at Attabad, the Shigar landslide didn’t claim any lives, though it still poses a threat to four downstream villages.
It’s good that water is now flowing out through the spillway dug out by the Public Works Department, said Imran Nadeem, a former tourism adviser and a resident of Shigar valley, about 300 kilometres (km) from Gilgit, the capital of G-B. The situation could prove to be disastrous for people living downstream if preventive measures aren’t taken in time.
As the news of the river’s blockade spread, civilian and army authorities rushed to the valley to get first-hand information. We hope the situation will normalise soon, said Basharat Ali, a government official in Skardu.
By the time a spillway was carved out, the lake had expanded up to four km upstream and had gained 100 feet in height.
Nadeem said four villages downstream risk being swept away if the banks were to burst.
The debris blocking the river was reportedly about one cubic foot wide in volume and had turned concrete due to freezing temperatures that plunged to 20 degrees Celsius in the valley.
Climatic conditions are harsh in the valley given the freezing cold, said Muzaffar, a resident of Shigar. The access route linking the lake with Shigar became slippery due to the freezing temperature, making transportation of heavy machinery to the site nearly impossible.
The accumulation of water also damaged the route leading to K2, the world’s second highest peak situated in Baltistan.
Islamabad (PT): Chief Minister Syed Mehdi Shah called on the Director General of Special Communication Organization (SCO), Major General Muhammad Khalid Rao, here in Rawalpindi. Mehdi Shah appreciated the role of SCO in promotion of information and communication technology in the region. He urged the DG to bring more remote villages in the cellular-loop, to benefit more people.
CM also told the SCO Director General about the plight of non-permanent employees of the organization. He urged the DG to regularize the jobs of temporarily hired people in the region.
Major General Rao assured the Chief Minister that all steps will be taken to facilitate the people in Gilgit-Baltistan.
Islamabad (PT): A statement of the President of Azad Jammu Kashmir, Sardar Yaqub, in which he claimed that Gilgit-Baltistan is an integral part of Kashmir has been condemned across the Gilgit-Baltistan region, with the exception of the Jamat-e-Islami, which has a very small vote bank in the region.
He made the statement yesterday while meeting an 18-member delegation.
People from all districts and different parties have advised Sardar Yaqub to ‘study history of the region in detail before making fallacious remarks about the region more than thrice the size of Azad Kashmir, home to 2.5 million people’, according to statements and reactions covered in the region media.
MLA Raziuddin Rizvi has said that Sardar Yaqub’s remark is baseless and unfounded. He said that the president has tried to disfigure and distort the region’s history. He has also condemned the statement and demanded restoration of State-Subject Rule (SSR) in the region, “to control external influence”.
MQM has termed the statement of Sardar Yaqub to be a figment of imagination.
Muhammad Ibrahim, Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee, has also condemned the statement saying Gilgit-Baltistan has a unique history spread over thousands of years. He has said that the Kashmiri leaders are responsible for the 62 years long deprivation of the constitution-less Gilgit-Baltistan region.
The statement of Sardar Yaqub has, however, been appreciated by the Jamat-e-Islami, GB Chapter. Leaders of the JI have hailed the statement and demanded formation of a single unit consisting of GB and Kashmir.
Prominent Shia scholar, Agha Rahat, has condemned the statement. He has said that the Kashmiri leaders have never spoken for the people of Gilgit-Baltistan during the last six decades but they come up with fake claims to sabotage the empowerment process of the people.
Dr Sher Bahadur Anjum of the PMLN has said that irrelevant people are trying to claim ownership of Gilgit-Baltistan. He has said in a press statement that the culture, civilization and language of GB is different from Kashmir.
Rana Nazeem, provincial spokesman of PPP, has termed the statement to be an effort to divide the region’s people. He has said that the delegation that met the AJK President have undermined the mandate given by the people of Gilgit-Baltistan to their elected representatives.
PPP legislators, Advocate Amjad Hussain and Engineer Ismail have also rejected the statement of Sardar Yaqub.
The statement of Sardar Yaqub also remained a target of youth groups and activists on different social media forums. Vast majority of the youth have condemned the statement, terming it a falsehood. A commentator on Facebook said that the President of Azad Kashmir is trying to disprove the one year-long war of independence fought by the local people against the Kashmiri-Dogra rulers who had occupied the region with the help of British colonizers.
Other commentators rejected the claim calling it a political gimmick and demanding formal annexation of the region in Pakistan, as the country’s fifth province.
Nationalists also condemned the statement, terming it a pack of lies and a mockery of historical facts.
ISLAMABAD (APP): Gilgit-Baltistan government has allocated more than five crore rupees in current fiscal year for implementing a comprehensive plan to develop Industries and mineral resources of the region.
According to radio Pakistan quoting official sources, under the plan precious stone of the Gilgit Baltistan will be brought in the market after their proper cutting for which marketing center and labs will be established while building of mineral development and direct oration will be constructed.
The sources further said check post will be set up on Karakurum highway to prevent smuggling of precious stone
Gilgit (ET): In the first week of December 2012, the Gilgit-Baltistan (G-B) government announced a quota for trophy hunting in the region for 2013, inviting national and international hunters to the region, which is known as a “living museum” for its varied wildlife and natural beauty.
It is home to a number of exotic animals which makes hunters flock the area for trophy hunting, a male-dominated sport which sees them hunt wild game animals.
Such an opportunity was not passed up by an American national, who became the first hunter of 2013 to claim an ibex as a trophy when he hunted the animal in G-B’s Gojal Valley.
“Mr Jerry Otis Bush has hunted an ibex trophy at the junction of rivers Khunjerab and Ghewjerav,” said Rahman Posh, Chairman Khunjerab Village Organisation [KVO], an umbrella organisation of seven villages in Gojal Valley.
Posh told The Express Tribune on Wednesday that the ibex hunted by Bush had 40 inch long horns. He spent at least four days with the communities and wildlife officials in the valley, searching for a suitable animal to hunt.
Posh said that after the successful hunt, Bush announced a donation of $500 to KVO, which he said would be used for providing health insurance to vulnerable families of the community in the valley.
According to the latest survey, the number of animals big enough for trophy hunting in G-B stood at 446 ibexes, 117 markhors (large species of wild goat) and 190 blue sheep.
Wilayat Noor, a conservator in G-B confirmed the hunt and hoped that more wild game hunters would visit the region to hunt the game after paying a legal fee to the federal government. “It is the hunting season [and] we hope more hunters will come,” Noor said.
For the hunting season 2012-2013, the G-B government slapped a $40,000 hunting fee for a markhor, $6,250 for a blue sheep and $2,500 for an ibex. Upon a successful hunt, 80% of the fee goes to the respective community where the hunt takes place.
The trophy hunting programme was first introduced in the early 1990s in the Bar Valley of Nagar in G-B.
Last year, one markhor, one blue sheep and 28 ibexes were hunted in the region and as stipulated, 80% of the hunting fee was given to the respective communities as part of their share, an official document said.
The communities of Gojal Valley have invited more hunters to visit the valley for hunting the animals as they have a quota for more hunts.
LAHORE (Monitoring Desk): Water and Power Development Authority (Wapda) Chairman Raghib Shah has said that water sector projects are vital for sustained economic development, poverty reduction and social uplift in Pakistan, particularly the remote areas of Gilgit-Baltistan. He expressed these views in a meeting on Friday with Gilgit-Baltistan Chief Minister Syed Mehdi Shah at the Wapda house.
While speaking on the occasion, the chairman said that Wapda is implementing a number of mega and medium-sized projects in Gilgit-Baltistan, including the Satpara multipurpose dam (generation capacity of 17 MW, water storage capacity 0.093 million acre feet) and Diamer-Bhasha (generation capacity of 4,500 MW, water storage capacity of 8.1 million acre feet), 7,100 MW Bunji, 34 MW Harpo, 80 MW Phandar and 40 MW Basho Hydropower projects, etc.
Apprising the chief minister of the progress on the projects, he said that the Satpara dam has been completed. The construction work on 13 contracts for Wapda offices, colonies, contractors’ camps, model village for affectees, roads and infrastructure in the project area of Diamer-Bhasha dam – a priority project – is progressing at a good pace.
The process to acquire land is continuing, while expressions of interest to appoint consultants have also been called. Various financial options are being analysed for funding the project, he added.
The chairman said that detailed engineering design and tender documents of Bunji hydropower project will be completed by end March this year. He further added that two European Development Agencies, namely AFD of France and KFW of Germany have shown interest to provide funds for the Harpo hydropower project.
Dilating upon their benefits, the chairman said that these multipurpose projects will ensure availability of water for irrigated agriculture, help mitigate devastating floods and generate low-cost hydel electricity. In addition, a number of employment opportunities will also be available to the locals in Gilgit-Baltistan during construction as well as operation and maintenance phases of these projects, he said.
Karachi (D.Times): Youngsters from Gilgit-Baltistan have to travel for days to do the assessments that give them a chance to study and work.
The people of Gilgit-Baltistan have profound zeal towards achieving professional excellence and attaining higher education. Despite being deprived of the constitutional rights and ample educational resources, they keep striving in achieving the targeted goal. This fact is as obvious as the daylight that they have been showing extraordinary performance in educational area and the professional excellence nationally as well as internationally. They are always enthusiastic in attempting the tests of high standards and through them, knocking the doors of high ranking universities of the world.
National Testing Service (NTS) being the only public sector organization of the country conducts tests and assessments for admissions in higher studies, scholarships at home and abroad and the recruitment and promotion purposes at various organizations. Tests like National Aptitude Test (NAT) and Graduate Assessment Test (GAT) are a few to name. Its centers are currently there in the major cities of the country and for students belonging to far-flung areas of the country; it’s difficult to travel to those cities only for the said tests.
Gilgit-Baltistan being a remote and far-flung region of the country still doesn’t have a single centre of this testing system. Recently, a huge number of students from various regions of Gilgit-Baltistan travelled here to Islamabad only for attempting the test of NTS and GAT. They severely criticized their authorities of the region for not providing a centre there in Gilgit.
“ It’s indeed painful for students to travel to Islamabad only for this test of 3 hours. Neither flying via plane is affordable nor the journey through KKH is safe”, said Arshad Shedayi a Lecturer of KIU who was caught by this scribe outside the test centre here, in Islamabad. “Our Educational Ministry, so called Assembly and the high authorities in educational sector, are oblivious to this hard issue and this shows that they are incompetent and not sincere to the nation. One can only understand this hardship when one has to face this all” he elaborated along-with requesting the youth forums of the region here to raise the voice regarding this very issue.
The recent sectarian killings and the bad weather in the region hinder the youth from the region to safely move to major cities for the test purpose as nearly all the universities along-with Karakuram International University in Gilgit-Baltistan, have set the criterion of passing GAT general for admission in M.Phil programmes. Hence, all the aspiring students are bound to attempt the test. Likewise, for lectureship under HEC, it’s mandatory for candidate to possess a GAT certificate at least. For the recent jobs at State Bank of Pakistan and some overseas Scholarships, the test under NTS was made mandatory or the prime selection criteria.
Taking to DT here, in Islamabad the candidates and other aspiring students for admissions looked dismayed over the silence of the representatives and assembly of the region. “If FPSC can arrange testing centre in Gilgit, then why this NTS is reluctant in providing the service there?” asked a student Syed Sher Wali who has travelled for more than 24 hours to reach the test centre at G-10 Islamabad. When asked why he needs a GAT certificate, he said that he was willing to continue his studies in MPhil there at KIU. According to him a mere Masters degree doesn’t guarantee him a job as the jobs are sold against huge sum there in educational department in Gilgit-Baltistan.
It was known through a reliable source that the KIU management had earlier asked the NTS authorities here to arrange their centre in GB so that they would be facilitated at the campus but till now no any progress is seen. The future of students aspiring to attain higher education seems to be at stake.