The Central Superior Services of Pakistan (or commonly known as CSS) have become the key wheels on which the entire engine of the state has to move. Hence the leaders for these services are drawn through the competitive examination. The officers thus appointed are bestowed with solemn responsibilities and are scheduled to hold the highest offices of the country.
Pakistan today needs young men and women, with qualities of both head and heart. To choose only such balanced individuals is the purpose of the civil services examination. So if you have intelligence, intellect, team-spirit, leadership qualities, commonsense, originality, communication skills and have a dynamic personality, then Civil Service is waiting for you. Join Civil Service of Pakistan through CSS examination.
Federal Public Service Commission of Pakistan or FPSC (http://www.fpsc.gov.pk/) is the Competitive Examinations with full honesty. According to the estimates of FPSC a total of 8,000 – 10,000 candidates apply for an appearance in its annual Competitive Examination. On an average 5,000 – 6,000 actually appear and approximately 250-500 candidates qualify the written portion of CSS Examination. Out of these successful candidates a total of 100-150 (roughly 2% of the actual applicants) make it to this sacred corps of bureaucrats.
Currently CSS includes the following Occupational Groups.
- Pakistan Audit and Accounts Service
- Police Service of Pakistan (PSP)
- District Management Group (DMG)
- Income Tax Group (ITG)
- Customs and Excise Group (CEG)
- Foreign Service of Pakistan (FSP)
- Postal Group (PG)
- Commerce & Trade Group (CTG)
- Railways Group (RG)
- · Information Group (IG)
History of Civil Services in Pakistan
The civil Bureaucracy is a colonial legacy in this part of the world. The British used to rule the native population through Indian Civil Service (ICS) and most of the officers in ICS were British themselves. It was in the early 20th Century that the Indians also started competing against the British and many Indians eventually made it to the ICS. With the partition of India in 1947, the term ‘Central Superior Services’ was used in Pakistan and the concept of All-Pakistan Services continued.
The latter consisted of the Civil Service of Pakistan and the Police Service of Pakistan, whereas the Central Services included the Pakistan Foreign Service and a broad category of Finance and other services. The Finance category included the Pakistan Audit and Accounts Service, Pakistan Railway Accounts Service, Pakistan Military Accounts Service, Pakistan Taxation Service, and the Pakistan Customs and Excise Service and others. Each of these services had its own cadre and composition rules, specifying the total cadre strength in terms of its number of positions.
The Competitive Examination comprises the Following:
Composition of CSS Examination
- · Written Examination
- · Medical Test
- · Psychological Test; and
- · Viva Voce
CSS Examination Rules
The examination is conducted by the Federal Public Service Commission in accordance with the following Rules.
A candidate for admission to the examination must have attained the age of 21 years
The upper age limit will be relaxed by two years up to the age of 30 years in respect of:
- The candidates belonging to the Scheduled Caste and Buddhist Community
- In the case of in Service Government Servants the upper age limit is relaxable by two Years.
A candidate must hold at least a Second Class or Grade “C” bachelor’s degree in any faculty of one of the Pakistani Universities or an equivalent degree or comparable educational qualifications of a foreign University recognized by Higher Education Commission, Islamabad.
The candidate must be a citizen of Pakistan or a person deriving his/her nationality from the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
All candidates except disabled must be in good mental and bodily health and free from any physical defect
The serene valleys of Gilgit-Baltistan are known as one of the most peaceful territories in the region. Crime is relatively rare, and even though sectarian riots have been seen in Gilgit from time to time, things remain peaceful in most of the area. However, it appears the police operate there just as they do in other parts of the country, with the same degree of brutality and a lack of concern for human life.
Two lives were tragically lost in Gilgit after police opened fire on protesters who were seeking compensation for losses suffered as a result of a massive landslide that created an artificial lake in Attabad last year. A protest was staged outside a bank after people were denied the compensation amount. A father and son died. Six others were injured. It is impossible to believe that this small demonstration from people who had every right to be angry and were in desperate need of funds could not have been controlled without lives being lost. It is understood that the pelting of stones by the small crowd of protesters, one of which hit a police deputy superintendant, led to the decision to open fire. It goes without saying that the action by the crowd hardly put the police in any real danger. The true motive also appears to have been to prevent the chief minister of Gilgit-Baltistan, Mehdi Shah, witnessing the protest. Shah later cancelled his scheduled visit to Gilgit as protests also spread to Gulmit.
One hopes, however, that he will take note of the terrible incident and order action against the trigger-happy policemen. The people of Attabad have suffered greatly as a result of natural calamity. They were promised compensation last year by the prime minister. More suffering should not be inflicted on them as a result of action by police who apparently have no notion of respect for human life and no training in how to disperse protests peacefully and without violence. It is also important that the compensation due to these victims be handed over. Otherwise we will only see more protests and more suffering in the future.
Courtesy: Express Tribune